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Anh Ngữ sinh động bài 216


Ðây là Chương Trình Anh Ngữ Sinh Ðộng New Dynamic English bài 216. Phạm Văn xin kính chào quí vị thính giả. Nhớ lại trong bài trước, ta nghe chuyện ông Simon Tompkins, một nhà nhiếp ảnh chuyên nghiệp. Ta ôn lại mấy câu chính đã nghe trong bài trước: His parents bought him his first camera when he was 7 years old. To buy/bought/bought=mua. When he was in tenth grade, he won first prize in a photography contest, and his picture was published in a newspaper. When he was in college, he took a lot of pictures for the school newspaper. Then in 1985 he moved to New York and worked for an advertising agency for 5 years. Then he moved to Boston. Now he teaches photography at a small college outside of Boston. He still takes a lot of pictures for magazines and newspapers. Nhớ cách đọc tiếp vĩ ngữ past tense -ed của những động từ: worked /t/; moved /d/; wanted /id/. Ôn lại: camera: máy ảnh, phòng (chamber): in camera= kín (như trong phòng xử của quan toà, công chúng không được dự); thí dụ: The trial was held in camera because the accused was a minor=phiên xử kín vì bị cáo còn vị thành niên; bicameral=lưỡng viện. The U.S. Congress is bicameral legislature. Unicameral=độc viện. Nebraska is the only state that has a unicameral legislature.=Nebraska là tiểu bang duy nhất mà cơ quan lập pháp chỉ có một viện dân biểu thôi.

Cut 1

Language Focus. Listen and answer.

Larry: Listen and answer.

Listen for the bell, then say your answer.

Max: What did Simon’s parents buy him when he was seven years old?

(ding)
(pause for answer)

Max: They bought him a camera.

(short pause)

Max: When did he move to New York?

(ding)
(pause for answer)

Max: He moved to New York in 1984.

(short pause)

Max: What kind of company did he work for in New York?

(ding)
(pause for answer)

Max: He worked for an advertising agency.

(short pause)

Max: How long did he work at that agency?

(ding)
(pause for answer)

Max: He worked there for five years, until 1989.

(short pause)

MUSIC

Vietnamese Explanation

Trong đoạn kế tiếp, ta nghe một mẩu phỏng vấn khi ông Handy vào xin làm giáo viên lớp ba tiểu học. Mr. Handy talks about his experience as a cowboy.= Ông Handy nói về kinh nghiệm làm nghề chăn bò. Experience=kinh nghiệm. Experienced (adj) có kinh nghiệm. Mr. Handy is an experienced cowboy=ông Handy là người chăn bò có kinh nghiệm. He worked as a cowboy for 20 years.= ông làm nghề chăn bò trong 20 năm. Ông trả lời thành thật khi ông được hỏi biết gì về trẻ em?—What do you know about children? Ông trả lời: I know they like to run around and they eat a lot. I know they need love and attention…just like cows.=Tôi biết trẻ em thích nô đùa chạy nhảy và chúng ăn nhiều lắm. Tôi biết chúng cần thương yêu và săn sóc…như bò vậy.

Cut 2

Daily Dialogue: A School Interview (Part 3)

Larry: Daily Dialogue: A School Interview (Part 3)

Mr. Handy talks about his experience as a cowboy.

I know that they need love and attention.... just like cows. Tôi biết rằng chúng cần thương yêu và chăm sóc ...y như bò vậy.

Larry: Listen to the conversation.

Ms. Barclay: So you want to be a teacher, Mr. Handy.

(short pause)

Joe Handy: Yes, I do. I want to teach third grade.

(short pause)

Ms. B: I see that you were a cowboy from 1977 to 1997.

(short pause)

Joe: That’s right, Ms. Barclay,

(short pause)

I became a cowboy right after college.

(short pause)

Ms. B: That’s very interesting, Mr. Handy,

(short pause)

But what can a cowboy teach to little children?

(short pause)

Joe: Well... I studied the stars every night for twenty years.

(short pause)

I know a lot about stars.

(short pause)

Ms. B: That’s very nice, but...

(short pause)

Joe: And mathematics! I counted cows every day when I was a cowboy!

(short pause)

Ms. B: But what do you know about children, Mr. Handy?

(short pause)

Joe: Well... I know that they like to run around, and they eat a lot.

(short pause)

Ms. B: Well, that’s all true, but...

(short pause)

Joe: And I know that they need love and attention.... just like cows!

(short pause)

Vietnamese Explanation

Trong phần tới, quí vị nghe rồi lập lại.

Cut 3

Larry: Listen and repeat.


Ms. B: But what do you know about children, Mr. Handy?

(pause for repeat)

Joe: Well... I know that they like to run around, and they eat a lot.

(pause for repeat)

Ms. B: Well, that’s all true, but...

(pause for repeat)

Joe: And I know that they need love and attention.... just like cows!

(pause for repeat)

MUSIC

Vietnamese Explanation

Trong đoạn tới, ta nghe phần Câu đố trong tuần : What holiday is it ? Ðoán xem ngày lễ gì? To celebrate=ăn mừng. Present (n) quà tặng; hobby, hobbies=thú tiêu khiển riêng.

Cut 4

Question of the Week (question): What holiday is it?

Larry: Question of the Week!

• a present quà tặng
• a picnic đi chơi ngoài trời
• fireworks pháo bông

MUSIC

Max: Once again, it’s time for Question of the Week.

This time our questions are about American holidays.

What holiday is it?

Question Number One:

On this day--December 25th--people give each other presents.

Question Number Two: On this day--February 14th--people give chocolate or flowers to the people they love.

And Question Number Three:

This holiday is celebrated on July fourth.

People have picnics and go to see fireworks.

(pause)

We’ll have the answers on our next show.

MUSIC

Vietnamese Explanation

Trong đoạn tới, ta nghe chuyện Elizabeth đính hôn, hứa hôn—Elizabeth gets engaged. Examine my hand carefully. Notice anything?=các bạn hãy nhìn kỹ xem tay tôi; có thấy gì không. To get engaged.= đính hôn. Engagement ring=nhẫn đính hôn. Romantic: lãng mạn. Oh my gosh=Trời đất ơi! I’d better get started=tôi phải bắt đầu (bài học). [Chữ I’d better=viết tắt của I had better=I should; sau I’d better, động từ theo sau không có “to” đi trước]. Cách dùng to get: If you ever get to see him, tell him I say hello.=nếu bạn có dịp gặp ông ta, cho tôi gửi lời hỏi thăm. He’s drunk again—We’d better call a taxi and get him home.=anh ta lại say rồi—chúng ta phải gọi xe taxi chở anh ta về nhà. Get across=hiểu, understand. I spoke slowly but my meaning didn’t get across.=tôi nói chậm mà anh ta không hiểu. Get long with someone=hòa thuận với ai. He gets along very well with his boss.=anh ta hợp “jeu” với ông xếp của anh. He and his boss get along well. I’m more than happy=I’m very happy.=tôi rất sung sướng. On Saturday, Boris took me to a really nice restaurant.=Hôm thứ bảy, anh Boris đưa tôi vào một nhà hàng rất sang. And at the end of the meal, he asked me to marry him! Rồi tới khi ăn xong, anh ta ngỏ ý cầu hôn.

Cut 5

Story Interlude: Elizabeth gets engaged

Larry: OK... and we’re off the air.

SFX: Elizabeth enters

Eliz: (brightly) Hi Max, hi Kathy.

Max and Kathy: Hi, Elizabeth. Hello.

Kathy: How’s it going, Elizabeth?

Eliz: (excitedly) Oh, things are great!

Max: Hey, you’re happy today.

Eliz: Oh, I’m more than happy.

Max: What’s the good news?

Eliz: (laughingly) Well, please examine my hand carefully.

Notice anything?

Kathy: Oh my gosh! Elizabeth! That ring.

You’ve got on an engagement ring!

Eliz: Yes!

Max: Elizabeth, you got engaged?

Eliz: Yes!

Boris asked me to marry him, and I accepted!

Kathy: That’s wonderful.

Max and Larry: Congratulations.

Larry: Elizabeth, I’ve got to ask you a question.

Where did he ask you?

Where were you when he asked you to marry him?

Eliz: Oh, it was during dinner.

On Saturday, Boris took me to a really nice restaurant.

And at the end of the meal, he asked me to marry him!

Kathy: Oh, how romantic!

Eliz: Yes. It was wonderful.

Oh, excuse me. I’d better get started.

Max: OK. See you later.

Kathy: And congratulations again!

Larry: Alri-i-i-ght. Ready for Functioning in Business.

Vietnamese Explanation

Quí vị vừa học xong bài 216 trong Chương Trình Anh Ngữ Sinh Ðộng New Dynamic English. Phạm Văn xin kính chào quí vị thính giả và xin hẹn gặp lại trong bài học sắp tới.

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